Cognitive Conflict in Science: Demonstrations in what scientists talk about and study.

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dc.contributor.advisor Hesse, Friedrich (Prof. Dr.) Buttliere, Brett 2018-01-19T09:28:37Z 2018-01-19T09:28:37Z 2018-01-19
dc.identifier.other 497358840 de_DE
dc.identifier.uri de_DE
dc.description.abstract The concept of cognitive conflict, that being two competing ideas in the mind at the same time, encompasses a large number of instantiations throughout Psychology (Festinger, 1964; Heine, Proulx, & Vohs, 2006), even playing an important role in many philosophies considering how science works best (Kuhn, 1962; Platt, 1964; Popper, 1934/ 2005). This experience of cognitive conflict is widely considered to be aversive, but also motivating, for individuals across a wide range of contexts. Here I examined two ways cognitive conflict affects what topics receive scientific attention. Pairing the philosophies of science with Festinger’s (1950) hypotheses about informal social communication, it was hypothesized that: 1. Scientists will discuss things they disagree about more than things they agree about. 2. Scientists will study more those topics which threaten individual or group outcomes. Utilizing publicly available data about scientific publications, I tested these hypotheses within a number of contexts, including public comments on papers, Tweets about papers and topics, and the author and automatically generated keywords describing scientific papers themselves (as a measure of what scientists write about and study). Two studies suggested that more negations in the texts (e.g., but, not, however) were related to larger discussions, more views, and more media attention. Two other studies examined the keywords describing papers, first all papers published across science by PLoS, and then all papers across publishers within Psychology. Both studies suggested that there are more unique negative keywords studied, and that these keywords have more papers written about them, on average. Overall, the results suggest that scientists talk more when they disagree, and that they speak more about threats to the group and individual. This more generally implies that cognitive conflict plays a role in determining what scientists talk about and study, and more generally that general psychological principles can be applied within the context of science. en
dc.language.iso en de_DE
dc.publisher Universität Tübingen de_DE
dc.rights ubt-podok de_DE
dc.rights.uri de_DE
dc.rights.uri en
dc.subject.ddc 150 de_DE
dc.subject.other Psychology en
dc.subject.other Meaning Maintenance en
dc.subject.other MetaScience en
dc.subject.other Cognitive Conflict en
dc.subject.other Scientific Attention en
dc.title Cognitive Conflict in Science: Demonstrations in what scientists talk about and study. en
dc.type PhDThesis de_DE
dcterms.dateAccepted 2017-12-15
utue.publikation.fachbereich Psychologie de_DE
utue.publikation.fakultaet 7 Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät de_DE


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