Filial Cannibalism in a Fish with Paternal Care

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dc.contributor.advisor Heubel, Katja (Dr.)
dc.contributor.author Vallon, Martin
dc.date.accessioned 2018-01-15T10:46:29Z
dc.date.available 2018-01-15T10:46:29Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.other 497169215 de_DE
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10900/79781
dc.identifier.uri http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:21-dspace-797813 de_DE
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.15496/publikation-21179
dc.description.abstract Filial cannibalism – the consumption of one’s own offspring – has been described in a wide range of animal taxa, while being particularly common in fish showing paternal care. Despite being a well-known phenomenon, this seemingly odd behaviour has puzzled researchers for decades and its adaptiveness is still not fully understood. Previous research on this topic has mainly focussed on the hypothesis that parents may consume their offspring to satisfy their own energetic needs, but the available evidence indicates that there is more to filial cannibalism than energetics alone. During the course of this thesis, I investigated several alternative hypotheses on the adaptiveness of filial cannibalism. For this, I conducted a series of extensive laboratory experiments using a small marine fish, the common goby (Pomatoschistus microps), as a model species. By simultaneously presenting egg-guarding male common gobies with eggs of varying age, I was able to show that the young, least valuable eggs are preferentially cannibalised (chapter I). This confirms the prediction that filial cannibalism may be a mechanisms to selectively remove and consume offspring with a certain “low-quality” phenotype. Similarly, I could demonstrate that egg infections, but not paternity, trigger such selective filial cannibalism (chapter II). Using a different approach, I tested how water salinity, egg density and their interaction relate to cannibalistic behaviour (chapter III). I could show that filial cannibalism is increased in low salinity as predicted due to increased growth of egg pathogens under such conditions, while this was not the case for the presumably similarly susceptible high-density egg clutches (chapter III). By investigating these different yet connected factors, I could demonstrate in this thesis that filial cannibalism is indeed likely influenced by a wide array of environmental, parental and offspring parameters, while highlighting egg infections as a major driver at least in fish. en
dc.language.iso en de_DE
dc.publisher Universität Tübingen de_DE
dc.rights ubt-podno de_DE
dc.rights.uri http://tobias-lib.uni-tuebingen.de/doku/lic_ohne_pod.php?la=de de_DE
dc.rights.uri http://tobias-lib.uni-tuebingen.de/doku/lic_ohne_pod.php?la=en en
dc.subject.classification Fische , Kannibalismus de_DE
dc.subject.ddc 570 de_DE
dc.subject.ddc 590 de_DE
dc.subject.other Brutkannibalismus de_DE
dc.title Filial Cannibalism in a Fish with Paternal Care en
dc.type PhDThesis de_DE
dcterms.dateAccepted 2017-12-06
utue.publikation.fachbereich Biologie de_DE
utue.publikation.fakultaet 7 Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät de_DE

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