Gun Violence in the U.S.: Correlates and Causes

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Dokumentart: Article
Date: 2017-01-24
Source: University of Tübingen Working Papers in Economics and Finance ; 94
Language: English
Faculty: 6 Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Department: Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät
DDC Classifikation: 330 - Economics
Keywords: Polizei , Schusswaffengebrauch , Waffe
Other Keywords:
Gun violence
illegal guns
social capital
police intensity
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This paper provides a county-level investigation of the root causes of gun violence in the U.S. To guide our empirical analysis, we develop a simple theoretical model which suggests that firearm-related offenses in a given county increase with the number of illegal guns and decrease with social capital and police intensity. Using detailed panel data from the Federal Bureau of Investigation for the period 1986-2014, we find empirical evidence for the causal effects of illegal guns, social capital, and police intensity consistent with our theoretical predictions. Based on our analysis, we derive a range of policy recommendations.

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