Seasonality at middle and upper palaeolithic sites based on the presence and wear of deciduous premolars from nursing mammoth calves

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URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10900/114209
http://dx.doi.org/10.15496/publikation-55584
http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:21-dspace-1142092
Dokumentart: Buch (einzelnes Kapitel)
Date: 2021-04-14
Source: Tuebingen Paleoanthropology Book Series – Contributions in Paleoanthropology Band 1: Human-elephant interactions: from past to present
Language: English
Faculty: Tuebingen Paleoanthropology Book Series – Contributions in Paleoanthropology Band 1: Human-elephant interactions: from past to present
Other Keywords: mammoth
hunting
Palaeolithic
diet
canid
Mammut
Jagd
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Inhaltszusammenfassung:

Middle and Upper Palaeolithic sites, where mam- moths dominate the faunal assemblages, are mainly found in Central and Eastern Europe. At these sites concentrations of skulls, tusks and long bones, interpreted as deliberate constructions, of- ten occur. Rare instances of weapon tip fragments embedded in mammoth bones provide direct ar- chaeological evidence of human hunting. Indirect evidence, such as the accumulation of mammoth bones from multiple individuals with specific ontogenetic ages, occurs more frequently. Based on the eruption sequence and wear of deciduous premolars from mammoth calves, we examined whether a season of death could be deduced from the characteristics of the dentition. Our results suggest that the mammoth hunt was not restricted to the cold half of the year.

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