How Smart Is “Smart Security”? Exploring Data Subjectivity and Resistance

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dc.contributor.author Baur-Ahrens, Andreas
dc.contributor.author Krüger, Marco
dc.contributor.author Ammicht Quinn, Regina
dc.contributor.author Leese, Matthias
dc.contributor.author Matzner, Tobias
dc.date.accessioned 2015-12-07T07:52:09Z
dc.date.available 2015-12-07T07:52:09Z
dc.date.issued 2015-11
dc.identifier.other 453062202 de_DE
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10900/66898
dc.identifier.uri http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:21-dspace-668983 de_DE
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.15496/publikation-8318
dc.description.abstract ‘Smart security’ is currently being used as an umbrella term that embraces several initiatives proposed by the aviation industry in order to enhance security procedures at airports. The idea of smarter security opposes the traditional screening framework of passenger security at airports which enacts a one-size-fits-all approach in order to detect dangerous items that might threaten flight safety and security. Recently however, the security industry claims that smart solutions could provide better security, less intrusive screening, and better cost efficiency by employing tailored security procedures based on individual data-driven risk assessment of passengers and corresponding different levels of security screening. As smart security solutions are currently still under development, this report analyses potential human rights problems connected to a broader implementation of smart security routines in a timely fashion. Constituent elements of smart security, such as computer-based sorting of individuals into risk-groups and algorithms preparing or taking decisions on passengers’ mobility, can have severe consequences. Critical questions to be asked include: Who is accountable for smart security decisions? Is it possible to appeal against such decisions? How dangerous is the data-driven approach with regard to structural discrimination and equality of all passengers? We review and summarise the state of the art in the field of data-driven risk analysis and analyse eight interviews that we have conducted with representatives of European aviation associations, state authorities and the civil society. Bearing in mind the human rights implications of smart security, the report identifies six central policy gaps, issues recommendations to address them and provides a basis for a much needed public debate on smart security. en
dc.language.iso en de_DE
dc.publisher Universität Tübingen de_DE
dc.rights cc_by-nc-nd de_DE
dc.subject.classification Sicherheit , Massendaten , Flughafen , Menschenrecht , Risikoanalyse , Flugpassagier , Flugsicherheit de_DE
dc.subject.ddc 300 de_DE
dc.subject.ddc 320 de_DE
dc.subject.other smart security en
dc.subject.other big data en
dc.subject.other risk assessment en
dc.subject.other airports en
dc.subject.other flight safety en
dc.subject.other human rights en
dc.title How Smart Is “Smart Security”? Exploring Data Subjectivity and Resistance en
dc.type Report (Bericht) de_DE
utue.publikation.fachbereich Internationales Zentrum für Ethik in den Wissenschaften de_DE
utue.publikation.fakultaet 8 Zentrale, interfakultäre und fakultätsübergreifende Einrichtungen de_DE

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