Epidemiology of Major Eye Diseases Leading to Blindness in Europe: A Literature Review.

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URI: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:21-opus-59776
http://hdl.handle.net/10900/45930
Dokumentart: ResearchPaper
Date: 2011
Source: Prokofyeva E & E Zrenner (2012): Epidemiology of Major Eye Diseases Leading to Blindness in Europe: A Literature Review. Ophthalmic Res 47: 171-188.
Language: English
Faculty: 4 Medizinische Fakultät
Department: Medizin
DDC Classifikation: 610 - Medicine and health
Keywords: Epidemiologie , Augenheilkunde
Other Keywords: Ocular hypertension
Age-related macular degeneration , Diabetic retinopathy , European data , Epidemiology , Glaucoma , High intraocular pressure , Incidence
License: Publishing license excluding print on demand
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Abstract:

The objective of this work was to study the epidemiology of major eye diseases leading to blindness in Europe through a systematic literature review. The literature search was performed using the Medline database (PubMed), with MeSH and free text search terms. Inclusion criteria for the studies were: (a) performed on a healthy population of Caucasian origin aged between 50 and 75 years; (b) diagnosed by ophthalmological examination in accordance with the International Classification of Diseases 10; (c) contained a detailed description of the sampling and diagnostic procedures and data resources; (d) sample size >500, and (e) published between 1990 and 2008. The results of 57 studies on the prevalence and incidence of age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma are reported, providing an up-to-date and comprehensive overview of these diseases in Europe from an epidemiological perspective.

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