Education in Older and Oldest-Old Age - A Comparison Between the United States and Germany

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dc.contributor.advisor Schmidt-Hertha, Bernhard (Prof. Dr.) von Doetinchem de Rande, Sandra 2020-09-01T10:09:20Z 2020-09-01T10:09:20Z 2020-09-01
dc.identifier.uri de_DE
dc.description.abstract The main objective of this thesis is to investigate education in older and oldest-old age and to explore the field further with an international comparative empirical study of educational behaviors, preferences, and motivations of learners aged 65 and older in the United States (U.S.) and Germany. The first part of the thesis discusses the importance of the topic of older adult education. Developed countries, like the U.S. and Germany, experience significant aging of their populations in which the number of older adults increases while the number of children decreases. This demographic development is driven by declining fertility rates, migration as well as by increasing life expectancy and decreasing mortality. The further life expectancy at the age of 65 has increased in both the U.S. and Germany, and individuals can expect to live two decades or longer after retirement. Therefore, old age has become a new and extended life phase. In addition to these developments, the related societal changes create challenges and raise questions, such as how retirement and health care systems can be financed in the future or how old age can be spent in a meaningful way. Education in old age can play an essential role in responding to these questions and has the potential to transform challenges into opportunities. However, older adult learners are so far underrepresented in education, and oldest-old or frail individuals are often entirely overseen by educational providers. Keeping the aforementioned multifaceted benefits of ongoing learning and education in old age in mind, expanding educational efforts towards all subgroups of the older population is critical. In general, no consensus exists whether old age, and specifically oldest-old age, requires a separate form and method of education. Also, comprehensive national and international comparative research on the participation patterns of mature adults in education is lacking. Therefore, this thesis responds to the need for further research on education in older and oldest-old age. The second part covers the empirical Silverlearning Study, which investigates educational behaviors, preferences, and motivations of learners aged 65 and older in comparison between the U.S. and Germany, and also explores if these aspects are subject to change during the life phase of old age. This quantitative study was carried out in the U.S. and Germany between February to August 2015 and involved a sample of 1,485 adults aged 65 and older who participated in organized education during the last 12 months. The study showed, for example, that older and oldest-old adult learners are dedicated and frequent learners, but that oldest-old age is the turning point for educational participation. However, the study also highlighted that oldest-old age is not necessarily synonymous with the fourth age and that declining health is not necessarily a participation barrier in old age. In general, it was visible that educational participation and motivation in old age is complex and influenced by a variety of factors. en
dc.language.iso en de_DE
dc.publisher Universität Tübingen de_DE
dc.rights ubt-podok de_DE
dc.rights.uri de_DE
dc.rights.uri en
dc.subject.classification Bildung , Bildungsarbeit , Erwachsenenbildung , Weiterbildung , Altenbildung , Alter , Älterer Mensch , USA , Deutschland , Vergleich , Motivation de_DE
dc.subject.ddc 370 de_DE
dc.subject.other Bildung im Alter de_DE
dc.subject.other Seniorenbildung de_DE
dc.subject.other Education en
dc.subject.other Geragogik de_DE
dc.subject.other Old age en
dc.subject.other Oldest-old age en
dc.subject.other Drittes Alter de_DE
dc.subject.other Viertes Alter de_DE
dc.subject.other Third age en
dc.subject.other Hochaltrig de_DE
dc.subject.other Fourth age en
dc.subject.other Weiterbildungsteilnahme de_DE
dc.subject.other Education in old age en
dc.subject.other Bildungsmotivation de_DE
dc.subject.other Senior en
dc.subject.other United States en
dc.subject.other Bildungspräferenzen de_DE
dc.subject.other Germany en
dc.subject.other continuing education en
dc.subject.other Comparison en
dc.subject.other Geragogy en
dc.subject.other Adult education en
dc.subject.other Older adult education en
dc.title Education in Older and Oldest-Old Age - A Comparison Between the United States and Germany en
dc.type PhDThesis de_DE
dcterms.dateAccepted 2020-06-24
utue.publikation.fachbereich Erziehungswissenschaft de_DE
utue.publikation.fakultaet 6 Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät de_DE
utue.publikation.noppn yes de_DE


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